Diamonds are much treasured and have a very important place in the gemological history of the world. Battles have been fought over them, human beings have killed and died for them. They have been used as love tokens for centuries, and as a method of exquisite adornment.
The word 'diamond' is derived from the Ancient Greek word 'adamas' meaning unalterable and unbreakable. The very first diamonds were discovered as alluvial deposits in India, along the Godovari, Penner and Kirisha ivers. It is possible that diamonds have been accessible in India for up to 6000 years. The formation of a diamond deep within the earth requires very specific conditions - exposure of materials containing carbon to extremely high pressure and at considerable depth.
Diamonds as Adornment The use of diamonds as gems for adornment dates back to antiquity. The 20th Century has seen a raised interest in this fabulous mineral, primarily because of it's expensive appearance when set in precious metals. The diamonds characteristics mean that the dispersal of white light throughout the stone results in scintillation and spectacular colours. No other gem can display these characteristics in this way.
Experts in gemology have now devised a method of grading diamonds using certain comparable characteristics. The four most important ones are knows as the 4Cs, which stands for cut, colour, clarity and carat.
These grading methods are carried out by globally recognised laboratories such as GIA and HRD. It is recognised that the diamond is the hardest substance known to man. Because of this characteristic,it is particularly suited to use as gemstones. Many engagement rings or wedding rings must stand up to daily use and all the wear and tear that brings.
Coloured Diamonds Although our first thought of colour when considering a diamond will probably be white or clear, there are beautiful ranges of fancy coloured diamonds. These begin at the yellow, pink and red spectrum, through blue and green, purple, brown and the very popular and fashionable black. These colours are caused by impurities within the stone - nitrogen for yellow and brown, boron for blue, and for black, carbon inclusions.
Blood Diamonds Over time, these precious gems have unfortunately been bought and sold to raise funds to finance wars. In areas of Africa it has been documented that some military factions have taken over complete mines and forced the workers there to continue supplying them with diamonds, so that they can be sold on the black market. The money raised is then used to purchase weapons and fund military coups.
A Rising Star in the Diamond Firmament When choosing your diamond for your engagement ring, you should ensure that you purchase it from a reputable diamond retailer/wholesaler such as MY Diamonds. Call them now on 1300 66 55 20 and speak with a professional diamond specialist for the diamond of your dreams.