An engagement ring consists of two parts. The band or shank that encircles the finger. And the main setting or head, which hold the centre gemstones in place. The main setting holding the centre main gemstone can be a claw (prong) setting, bezel setting or tension setting
The shank can be plain or contain small diamonds set into hollows, grooves or channels. Small diamonds set in the ring setting can be channel set, claw set, pave or bead set, or gypsy set.
The Claw Setting
One of the most popular style of settings for engagement rings is the claw setting. This style of setting is also known as the prong setting. Depending on the shape and style of diamond chosen, settings such as this can be two or three claws.
THE BEZEL SETTING
Half Rubber Setting
Hidden Halo of Diamonds
THE PAVE SETTING
The pave' setting is one of the most glamorous settings for a ring. It is also known as the bead setting. Tiny beads of the chosen metal such as gold or platinum are used to hold a number of small diamonds in place, giving a sweep of optimum sparkle. 'Pave' means paved with diamonds and the term is used when there is a number of rows of diamonds within the setting of the ring.
THE CHANNEL SETTING
The diamonds within the setting must be of the same size. They are then very neatly placed close together in a channel of platinum or gold, providing an unbroken sweep of exquisite sparkle.
For security, each individual stone is placed within a tiny bay cut into both sides of the channel. The baguette style of diamond is particularly effective within a channel setting.
This is another very popular style of setting. Do you remember Meghan Markle's engagement ring, which is a three stone ring. Normally a three stone ring has a larger centre stone flanked by two smaller matching size stone. The stone can be set in a claw setting or bezel setting
THE GYPSY SETTING
Also known as a flush mount this setting is often used for fancy diamond shapes. The stone is set within the metal so that is does not protrude above the surface of the ring and only the crown is visible.
The chosen metal will be cut so that the diamond can be placed within the recesses before polishing. Patterns are sometimes cut into the metal around the stone, such as the star pattern.
THE TENSION SETTING
This is a very contemporary method of setting a stone into platinum, generally considered to be the best metal for this kind of setting. The setting is used so that light penetration of the stone can be optimised giving the diamond a 'suspended' quality.
The pressure of the metal on the stone secures it in place.